Infection with the HIV virus causes a state of compromised immunity in the body, which makes an affected individual susceptible to a host of acute and chronic infections. The more commonly seen opportunistic infections include herpes simplex, herpes zoster, tuberculosis, skin infections, gastro-intestinal infections like diarrhea, and different types of cancer. Full-blown AIDS is usually the culmination of an HIV positive status, when the body can no longer effectively cope up with infections.
Ayurvedic medicines can be effectively used to control the HIV infection and prevent a rapid deterioration in immunity. Ayurvedic medicines which can prevent multiplication of the HIV virus include herbs like Bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica), and Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa).
Infection can be treated and controlled with medicines like Triphala Guggulu, Sukshma Triphala, Kutaj Parpati, Panchamrut-Parpati and Gandhak Rasayan. Purifcation of the “Blood” tissue can be done with the use of medicines like Maha-Manjishthadi-Qwath, Saarivadi-Churna, Chandrakala-Ras and herbs like Manjishtha, Saariva, Nimba, Haridra (Curcuma longa) and Daruharidra(Berberis aristata). This helps in controlling infection as well as preventing tumor formation and malignancies.
Tuberculosis is a major opportunistic infection in HIV positive individuals, and can prove to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Modern anti-tuberculosis drugs have traditionally served well to control this infection, even in HIV positive individuals. However, the rapid emergence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis has drastically changed the picture for the worse. In this scenario, Ayurvedic medicines can be given as additional therapy in order to bring about a good therapeutic response. Such medicines include Suvarna-Bhasma, Heerak-Bhasma, Abhrak-Bhasma, Trivang-Bhasma, Shrung-Bhasma, Ras-Sindur, Sameerpannag-Ras, Suvarna-Malini-Vasant, and Vasant-Kusumakar-Ras.
Opportunistic infections and diseases of the nervous system also prove to be fatal in HIV. Such infections and diseases can be controlled well with Ayurvedic medicines like Bruhat-Vat-Chintamani, Maha-Vat-Vidhvans-Ras, Ekang-Veer-Ras, Tapyadi-Loh, Vish-Tinduk-Vati, Agnitundi-Vati, and herbs like Ashwagandha , Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Nirgundi (Vitex negundo) and Haridra.
A judicious use of Ayurvedic medicines can thus help to considerably reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with HIV and AIDS.