Efforts At HIV Prevention Worldwide
During the early 1980s many countries began their quest to eradicate HIV. Since then, there have been great successes on the part of some, while others are sadly lacking. Part of the reason for those successes is due to focusing programs aimed at prevention on those groups at greatest risk. Gay and bisexual men in the United States were the first to receive attention from HIV prevention campaigns. Non-governmental organizations like San Francisco AIDS Foundation, Gay Men’s Health Crisis in New York, and AIDS Project Los Angeles first launched their attempts to reduce the incidence of AIDS in their cities somewhere around 1984. Of course the focus was intended for HIV prevention worldwide.
These AIDS organizations were pioneers in the field of working with men who found it difficult to develop lifestyle changes for the long haul. HIV prevention worldwide is dependent upon making sure those suffering from this disorder understand that practicing safer sex, and negotiating for safer sexual partnerships is necessary for preventing the continued spread of this disease. While this approach was successful for a time, there is evidence now that there is again a rise in the level of risky sexual behavior between homosexual men. This could be, in part, because the new HIV & AIDS drugs make it less frightening.
One of the greatest successes in the prevention of HIV has been seen with a reduced transmission rate between mother and child. It is estimated that the rate of babies born with HIV infections was 1,650 in 1991, but that dropped to somewhere between 144 and 236 during 2002. HIV prevention worldwide is partially dependent upon mothers realizing that if they are infected they must use antiretroviral drugs and avoid feeding their babies breast milk. The U.S. is even leaning toward routine testing for HIV in pregnant women, and working diligently with those who have already tested positive for HIV.
While there have been great strides made in the HIV prevention worldwide, there is still more work to be done. One tactic that is seeing resistance in the U.S. is harm reduction for those injecting drugs. It seems that no one wants to supply drug abusers with clean needles to shoot up with. Other countries throughout the world have also done what they can to reduce the rates of transmission of this deadly disease. In fact, most of the Western and Central European nations have come a long way in their efforts to educate their populations by launching massive media campaigns for this cause. It is not over yet, and as long as there are people suffering there will be others who are doing what they can to help.